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EXP (or possibly here) is an
scientific word processor written by Simon L. Smith. I use EXP for most of my mathematical writing. Even though
EXP is WYSIWYG, without a little care using styles, a document can easily be converted into LaTeX. The major
disadvantage of EXP is that it is written for Microsoft Windows. Fortunately for me, recent versions of the Windows
emulator Wine are capable of making EXP very usable under Linux, with only
a few missing features. This page is intended to document some of the tweaks I've done to get EXP to run. Of course,
even though I prefer EXP, there are some nice open source WYSIWYG math editors for Linux, such
LyX and TeXmacs.
The specific software I am using is EXP 5.0.2 and Wine 20020327 (packaged with Red Hat 7.3). Wine
is configured to run completely stand-alone and needs no native Windows DLLs beyond what EXP installs. I do not
know if the installer itself will run under Wine. I installed EXP by copying the files over from an installation I had done
on a Windows installation. However, I have no reason to think that the installer would not work.
Here is a screenshot of EXP running.
The workaround that I use for displaying fonts in EXP is to re-encode the EXP fonts BCSYMA, BCSYMB,
BCSYMX, and BCCYR (and their bold versions) so that Wine does not treat them as symbol fonts.
Then they seem to work just fine. The program I used to do the re-encoding is PfaEdit,
an open source font editor. I loaded each font into PfaEdit, then went to Element...Font Info...Encoding and changed
the encoding to "ISO 10646-1 (Unicode)". Then I renamed characters U+007F and U+009E from ".notdef"--this is
accomplished by Element...Char Info...Unicode Name. For some reason, when PfaEdit converts the encodings, characters
labelled ".notdef" are not included. I then performed the conversion by File...Generate Fonts, selecting format TrueType, not
I installed the fonts into /usr/share/fonts/default/TrueType, which is the standard TrueType font directory
for Red Hat 7.3. Other Linux distributions probably have this directory elsewhere. It doesn't matter where it is, as long
the new fonts are in the font server's search path of font directories. One the fonts were copied, I ran the commands
ttmkfdir > fonts.scale and mkfontdir, which generate the index files fonts.scale and fonts.dir. These
files are used by the font server to know what the fonts are. I modified these files so that the following lines were in them:
I also just noticed that the bold fonts do not work. I'm not sure why, but I think that it may be related to problems Wine has
in distinguishing between "medium" and "normal" fonts. But the bold fonts do seem to work sometimes. Weird.
Another problem I've encountered is that the save common dialog box does not revert to where the file was loaded
from, but the directory where the open dialog box was last pointing to. This is annoying if you load files from the
recent files under the File menu. There is also a problem with some of the key bindings. All of my macros seem to work,
but some of the built-in key bindings do not seem to. For instance, Ctrl+Y does not bring up the style menu, Ctrl+E
does not edit a text code, and Ctrl+Shift+D does not switch to default paragraph mode. However, most of the key bindings
Update: It seems that the key bindings problem is a result of using the dvorak xkbmap.
So far I have not tried printing using Wine's built-in Postscript printer driver.
Update: The fonts work just fine without modification under Fedora Core 1, using XFree86 4.3.0-42 and wine-20031118-1fc1winehq. Even though I purchased EXP 5.1 to support Simon Smith, I have not installed it. I am switching to LyX because it is open source.
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